Fabricius (of Aquapendente), Hieronymus

Fabricius (of Aquapendente), Hieronymus
SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 20 May 1537 Aquapendente, central Italy
d. 21 May 1619 Padua, Italy
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Italian physician and anatomist, teacher of William Harvey, first known exponent of tracheotomy.
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Of well-to-do origins, Fabricius studied at the University of Padua and obtained his doctorate in medicine and philosophy c.1559. He succeeded his master Fallopius in the Chair of Surgery at Padua in 1565 and was created Professor Supraordinarius for life c.1600. His discoveries and researches embraced a wide range of subjects, from the course and valves of blood-vessels to the embryology of the chick. He also covered a great variety of surgical innovations. His description of the technique of tracheotomy is clearly based on practical experience and sets out the contraindications as well as the practical requirements. He also wrote extensively on the senses, the mechanics of body movement, the mechanism of respiration and the language of animals.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Knighthood of St Mark of Venice.
Bibliography
1617, Opera chirurgica in duas partes divisa, Padua. 1621, The Formation of the Egg and of the Chick, Padua.
Further Reading
Zimmerman and Veith, 1961, Great Ideas in the History of Surgery, Baltimore.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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